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1 / 13 detail of the membrane 薄膜細部

zoo pavilion | 大連馬戲團

Year | 年份: 2012
Status | 狀態: completed | 建成
Location | 地點: Dalian, Liaoning, China | 中國,遼寧,大連

Type | 類型: structure | 結構
Program | 類型: public | 公共
Size | 規模: 5,000 sqm | 5,000 平米
Client | 業主: dalian zoo | 大連市動物園

Team | 團隊: Chen Chen (陳忱), Federico Ruberto, Nicola Saladino, Liu Dong (劉動) zoo 02_v2.jpg
2 / 13 bird view 鳥瞰

The Circus Pavilion for Dalian Zoo is the result of a collaboration between reMIX studio and Dalian UD Institute.
Our main tasks included:
- the geometric definition of the external and internal membrane
- the optimization of the roof structure
- the design of the access points
- the modeling of the adjacent topography.


-建筑周邊地形設計 zoo 03_v2.jpg
3 / 13 phylogenesis 系統發生

The institute decided the location of the pavilion within the park and the general interior layout. We were given a simple 3d model of the maximum envelope and were asked to propose an integral solution for the skin and the envelope structure.

設計院已初步確定了表演場在公園中的選址、室內空間布局和大致空間形態,我們需要在此基礎上提供一個包括具體建筑形體和表皮膜結構的完整設計方案。 zoo 04.jpg
4 / 13 bird view 鳥瞰

We believe in the possibility of combining a performative parametric approach and an intentional "handcrafted" design. Thus we explored a hybrid dialectics, in which the endless generative capacity of an algorithm, with its otherwise hardly achievable geometric precision, and the singularity of some punctual design moves, that can strongly influence the spatial quality and personal experience of the building, become a seamless dynamic assemblage.

我們堅信以功能為導向的參數化設計與存在主觀意圖的手動性設計這兩種方式結合起來具有充分的必要性:我們通過編程,利用計算機的精確推導和運算速度對大量設計的可能性進行比較,同時設計師將在關鍵環節做出主觀選擇和決策,同時獲得最大程度優化的幾何結構以及個人主觀性的空間體驗。 zoo 05.jpg
5 / 13 phylogenesis 形體生成過程

Through a process of phylogenesis*, we studied different geometrical systems: initial basic patterns were expanded three-dimensionally and tested in their structural performance. The physical possibilities of our intervention relied in the combination of an optimized and yet dynamic structure and the implicit material properties of the membrane.

通過phylogenesis分析法我們研究了多種不同的幾何體系:由基礎模塊擴展到三維模型,并測試其結構性能。和膜結構廠商的密切配合使我們的設計邏輯能夠加深對幾何優化,動態結構和膜結構自身材料特性的理解。 zoo 06.jpg
6 / 13 final prototype: geometric optimisation 最終版模型:形體優化

Through a constant feedback loop between geometric expressivity and structural performance, cost and construction-related evaluations we pre-selected two prototypes: the first one relied only on planar surfaces, the second on double curvature faces.

以形體效果,結構性能,成本與施工難度評價多個設計方案,我們挑選了兩種原型:第一種是平面表皮,第二種是雙曲面結構。最終我們選擇了后者,因其允許我們通過應力閾的控制能夠利用皮膜固有的彈性,并通過不同組件受壓和牽引產生與結構的多重關系。 zoo 07.jpg
7 / 13 general plan and elevations 平面圖和立面圖

We finally opted for the latter, as it allowed us to exploit the intrinsic elasticity of the membrane, through the control of its stress thresholds, and generate multiple relationships with the structure through different elements of compression and traction.

最終我們還設計了內層的膜結構,以提供隔熱功能,并完全將表演場圍合起來。兩層膜結構之間不是完全平行的,室內表皮偶爾和頂面分離,以與周圍墻壁和表演場的形體相互協調,產生富有動態的空間效果。 zoo 08.jpg
8 / 13 general sections 剖面圖

* Phylogenesis defines the analytical study of the properties of an element within a series, its substantial characteristics, its constant traits and anomalies: in sum, it defines the material performances and the physical morphological and behavioral limits of a certain population in an evolutionary logic.

(*)Phylogenesis:對于某一個因素在其所屬系列中的性能與主要特點、恒定特征、異常變化等的解析。總之,是指在演變的邏輯下,一種對物質性能、物理形體以及目標人群的行為限度。 zoo 09_v2.jpg
9 / 13 mockup construction 建造測試 zoo 10.jpg
10 / 13 structure under construction 施工過程中的主結構 zoo 11.jpg
11 / 13 construction process 施工過程 zoo 12.jpg
12 / 13 construction process 施工過程 zoo 13.jpg
13 / 13 view from the main axis 中軸線視角