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1 / 16 branching: physical model

Landscape Urbanism, fall semester 2012 | 清華建筑學院2012秋季學期

university | 學校: Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
students | 學生: branching | 分支化 : Bian Simin, Liao Lingyun, Nafise Faghihi, Melissa Widjaja, Harry Leuter
clustering | 簇群化: Zhu Yijun, Jorge Valcarcel, Diana Thamrin, Emmanueloroh Ukoh, Anhtea Du
tiling | 鋪瓦片: Liu Hui, Vivien Halim, Eugenia Wang, Nela Suman, Nicolas Bouisson
boundling | 匯集: Ma Xinran, Anja Riedinger, Rosita Samsudin, Jiayang Du, Virginia Cucchi
weaving | 編織 : Di Lina, Yun Chung Huang, Carolina Setiawan, Linda Ganzert, Eleni Papadima
course director | 教授: Eva Castro
assistants | 團隊: Libny Pacheco, Federico Ruberto, Nicola Saladino 02 - group 1 2.jpg
2 / 16 branching: project diagram

The course focused on an area of 300 ha located in Northwest Beijing, next to the Summer Palace. The site was formerly occupied by rural villages that have been mostly demolished to provide space for a future water reservoir, directly connected to the new South-North Canal. The rest of the site is planned to become a public park, as part of the new city greenbelt.

這個水庫將會成為北京水系統的關鍵元素,但它處于基地正中央的位置及其周圍緩沖區的幾何形體使地段被分割為兩塊難以相連的區域。 03 - group 1 3.jpg
3 / 16 branching: general mesh and road network

The artificial lake will be a crucial element of Beijing water system, but its location in the very centre of the site and its geometric configuration, with a wide protective buffer zone surrounding it, practically cut the future park in two poorly connected parts.
The proposals aim to reorganize the water infrastructure in order to achieve the same quantitative goals of the original masterplan through a more functional spatial layout for the rest of the site. The exploration of five different systems of material organization gave the students a geometric base to support their design proposal. The students developed a big variety of design agendas that derive from their understanding of the site intrinsic potentials and its relationship with the Summer Palace and the surrounding neighborhoods.

這個方案旨在重組水系的基礎設施,在提供同樣的儲水量的基礎上,對場地空間重新布局:學生探索了五種不同方式的系統,他們的幾何布局、對場地內在潛力的開發以及其與頤和園及周邊環境的關系各不相同。 04 - group 1 4.jpg
4 / 16 branching: general masterplan

The team designed a park that works as a source of solar power for the adjacent urban fabric. To achieve this goal, the site is configured through two interconnected layers that not only work at the infrastructural level, but also create interesting spatial conditions for the public areas. The first layer is a new topography, organized in terraces: the slopes are defined according to their sun exposure and covered with photovoltaic panels to absorb the solar radiation, while the horizontal areas host the more conventional park activities. The second layer of the system is formed by a new series of lakes at two different elevations. The excess of power produced during the day can be used to pump the water from the low to the upper lakes; during the night the high water is then released to produce more electricity.

第一個層次是臺地組成的新地形:坡地部分的坡度根據太陽的輻射量決定,并覆蓋了太陽能光伏電板以吸收太陽輻射能;平坦部分則成為公園的活動空間。 05 - group 2 1_v2.jpg
5 / 16 clustering: indexing water catchment points

This project proposes the construction of a new micro-topography that helps regulate the surface water-flow of the park. In the dry season, a branching system of canals and wetlands collects the rainwater and treats the grey water from the adjacent neighborhoods.
During the wet season, the same water network helps mitigate the flooding risk. The program of the park is organized in a way to guarantee a smooth transition from the artificial / urban to the new natural conditions and the functional clusters take advantage of the new slopes and the proximity to the water bodies to recreate particular spatial layouts.

公園的空間布局保證人工化的城市環境與自然環境之間更平滑的過渡。功能布局根據坡度和與水體的距離而設計。 06 - group 2 2_v2.jpg
6 / 16 clustering: proposed design layers

Similarly to the previous design, this project stems form the idea of converting the park in an active infrastructural element that can treat grey water and create a more sustainable water cycle for the surrounding buildings.
The exploration of innovative block typologies allows a stronger interaction between the green and the urban fabric and generates a new hybrid system, where the buildings are fully integrated within the park.

新的建筑類型有利于促進綠地與城市機理之間更緊密的互動關系,創造了一個景觀與建筑高度結合的整體。 07 - group 2 3.jpg
7 / 16 clustering: general masterplan and functional distribution

Starting from the consideration that urban agriculture is an expanding phenomenon, this project aims to recover the agricultural production that characterized the site in the past centuries, creating a new layout that optimizes the use of water and organizes the movement of cars, bicycles and pedestrians around the site.
Thinking of the park as a prototype for more productive landscapes to “invade” the city, a series of educational activities is also implemented in order to stimulate an interaction between the crops and the more public areas.

這個公園將作為城市農業的原型,可在多個不同城市推廣。該設計致力于促進農業生產和公眾的互動,使其同時具有教育性、示范型的功能。 08 - group 3 1.jpg
8 / 16 tiling: physical model

This proposal tries to regenerate the local economy through the elements that are already embedded in the site: the existing patches of tree nursing and the tourism generated by the adjacent Summer Palace. The new masterplan creates a series of bands where the flow of tourists and the new nursing areas interweave creating moments of spatial intensity.

新的總體規劃通過提出一系列功能帶將旅游者流線和新的苗圃區域交織在一起,產生出緊密,豐富和富有動感的空間環境。 09 - group 3 2.jpg
9 / 16 tiling: physical model 10 - group 3 3.jpg
10 / 16 tiling: masterplan bird view 11 - group 3 4.jpg
11 / 16 tiling: material organization catalogue 12 - group 4 1_v2.jpg
12 / 16 boundling: indexing pedestrian networks 13 - group 4 2_v2.jpg
13 / 16 group 4: proposed water system 14 - group 4 3_v2.jpg
14 / 16 boundling: general masterplan and road network layers 15 - group 5 1.jpg
15 / 16 weaving: material organization catalogue 17 - group 5 3_v2.jpg
16 / 16 weaving: general masterplan and design layers
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